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Snowy owl, (Nyctea scandiaca), white or barred, brown-and-white bird of prey of the family Strigidae (order Strigiformes). It inhabits the Arctic tundra and sometimes wanders southward in Europe, Asia, and North America. Snowy owls are about 60 cm (about 2 feet) long and have broad wings and a round head without ear tufts. They eat small mammals (such as hares and lemmings) and birds and nest on the ground in the open.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:
Europe: ConservationThe snowy owl, which feeds on lemmings, is seen in Lapland, the rare great bustard in the Austrian Burgenland, and the musk ox in Svalbard. Père David’s deer, which had become extinct in China, its native home, was introduced in 1898 at Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, England,…
tundra: Arctic mammalson lemmings—such as jaegers (
Stercorarius), snowy owls, and foxes—also rise and fall, closely following the rise and fall of their prey. Snowy owls simply migrate to the coniferous forest belt when lemmings are scarce, but fox populations drop significantly. On the other hand, when peaks in the lemming population occur,…
owl: Reproduction and development…up to 12 in the snowy owl (
Nyctea scandiaca). In years of lemming abundance, snowy owls attain higher nesting densities, nest earlier, lay more eggs, and have higher fledging rates than when lemmings are scarce. The eggs of owls are more spherical than those of any other bird group, the…