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  • 2,4-dichlorophenoxyethanoic acid (herbicide)

    weed: Chemical control: Introduced then were 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid), and IPC (isopropyl-N-phenylcarbamate), the first two selective as foliar sprays against broad-leaved weeds, the third selective against grass species when applied through the soil. The new herbicides were revolutionary in that their high toxicity allowed for effective weed control…

  • 2,6-dichlorophenol (chemical compound)

    organohalogen compound: Natural occurrence: …star tick, Amblyomma americanum, is 2,6-dichlorophenol, and 2,6-dibromophenol has been isolated from the acorn worm, Balanoglossus biminiensis.

  • 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-cyclohexanone (drug)

    Ketamine, general anesthetic agent related structurally to the hallucinogen phencyclidine (PCP). Ketamine was first synthesized in 1962 at Parke Davis Laboratories by American scientist Calvin Stevens, who was searching for a new anesthetic to replace PCP, which was not suitable for use in humans

  • 2-28 Peace Park (park, Taipei, Taiwan)

    Taipei: History: …mainlanders in early 1947; the 2-28 Peace Memorial Park, named for the date (February 28) when the massacre began, commemorates the incident. Two years later the city became the seat of the Chinese Nationalist government, after the victories of the communists on the mainland had forced the Nationalists to reestablish…

  • 2-[p-chloro-α-(2-dimethylaminoethyl) benzyl]pyridine (2-dimethylaminoethyl)

    Chlorpheniramine, synthetic drug used to counteract the histamine reaction, as in allergies. Chlorpheniramine, introduced into medicine in 1951, is administered orally or by intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous injection in the form of chlorpheniramine maleate. It is effective in controlling

  • 2-amino-4,6-pteridinedione (chemical compound)

    heterocyclic compound: Five- and six-membered rings with two or more heteroatoms: …example is the yellow pigment 2-amino-4,6-pteridinedione (xanthopterin).

  • 2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (drug)

    Halothane, nonflammable, volatile, liquid drug introduced into medicine in the 1950s and used as a general anesthetic. Halothane rapidly achieved acceptance and became the most frequently used of the potent anesthetics, despite its substantially higher cost than ether and chloroform and its

  • 2-butanol (chemical compound)

    butyl alcohol: …structures: normal (n-) butyl alcohol, secondary (sec-) butyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, and tertiary (t-) butyl alcohol.

  • 2-butanone (chemical compound)

    chemical compound: Mass spectrometry: …mass spectrum of the ketone 2-butanone serves as an example. The strongest peak in the spectrum is known as the base peak, and its intensity is arbitrarily set at a value of 100. The peak at m/z= 72 is the molecular ion and as such gives the molecular mass of…

  • 2-butene (chemical compound)

    butene: …isomeric forms are 1-butene, cis-2-butene, trans-2-butene, and isobutylene. All four butenes are gases at room temperature and pressure.

  • 2-chloro-1,3-butadiene (chemical compound)

    hydrocarbon: Polymerization: …material for the preparation of 2-chloro-1,3-butadiene, which in turn is polymerized to give the elastomer neoprene. Neoprene was the first commercially successful rubber substitute.

  • 2-chloro-2-methylpropane (chemical compound)

    organohalogen compound: Elimination: …attack of sodium methoxide on 2-chloro-2-methylpropane.

  • 2-furaldehyde (chemical compound)

    Furfural (C4H3O-CHO), best known member of the furan family and the source of the other technically important furans. It is a colourless liquid (boiling point 161.7 °C; specific gravity 1.1598) subject to darkening on exposure to air. It dissolves in water to the extent of 8.3 percent at 20 °C and

  • 2-hydroxy-3-naphthanilide (chemical compound)

    dye: Azo dyes: …was found that 2-hydroxy-3-naphthanilide (Naphtol AS, from the German Naphtol Anilid S?ure) forms a water-soluble anion with affinity for cotton, a major step in the development of the ingrain dyes. Its reaction with unsulfonated azoic diazo components on the fabric gives insoluble dyes with good wetfastness; with Diazo Component…

  • 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (chemical compound)

    major industrial polymers: HEMA and cyanoacrylate polymers: …methyl methacrylate are the monomers 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and methyl cyanoacrylate, denoted by the chemical formulas

  • 2-hydroxypropanoic acid (chemical compound)

    Lactic acid, an organic compound belonging to the family of carboxylic acids, present in certain plant juices, in the blood and muscles of animals, and in the soil. It is the commonest acidic constituent of fermented milk products such as sour milk, cheese, and buttermilk. First isolated in 1780 by

  • 2-hydroxypropionic acid (chemical compound)

    Lactic acid, an organic compound belonging to the family of carboxylic acids, present in certain plant juices, in the blood and muscles of animals, and in the soil. It is the commonest acidic constituent of fermented milk products such as sour milk, cheese, and buttermilk. First isolated in 1780 by

  • 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (chemical compound)

    metabolism: The phosphogluconate pathway: …loses water, forming the compound 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG).

  • 2-methyl-1,3-butadieneisoprene (chemical compound)

    Isoprene, a colourless, volatile liquid hydrocarbon obtained in processing petroleum or coal tar and used as a chemical raw material. The formula is C5H8. Isoprene, either alone or in combination with other unsaturated compounds (those containing double and triple bonds), is used principally to

  • 2-methyl-1-propanol (chemical compound)

    butyl alcohol: isobutyl alcohol, and tertiary (t-) butyl alcohol.

  • 2-methyl-2-propanol (chemical compound)

    butyl alcohol: …butyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, and tertiary (t-) butyl alcohol.

  • 2-methyl-3-butadiene (chemical compound)

    Isoprene, a colourless, volatile liquid hydrocarbon obtained in processing petroleum or coal tar and used as a chemical raw material. The formula is C5H8. Isoprene, either alone or in combination with other unsaturated compounds (those containing double and triple bonds), is used principally to

  • 2-methylbenzenol (chemical compound)

    cresol: …formula but having different structures: ortho- (o-) cresol, meta- (m-) cresol, and para- (p-) cresol.

  • 2-methylpropene (chemical compound)

    butene: cis-2-butene, trans-2-butene, and isobutylene. All four butenes are gases at room temperature and pressure.

  • 2-propanol (chemical compound)

    Isopropyl alcohol, one of the most common members of the alcohol family of organic compounds. Isopropyl alcohol was the first commercial synthetic alcohol; chemists at the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey (later Exxon Mobil) first produced it in 1920 while studying petroleum by-products. It is

  • 2-propanone (chemical compound)

    Acetone (CH3COCH3), organic solvent of industrial and chemical significance, the simplest and most important of the aliphatic (fat-derived) ketones. Pure acetone is a colourless, somewhat aromatic, flammable, mobile liquid that boils at 56.2 °C (133 °F). Acetone is capable of dissolving many fats

  • 2-propenal (chemical compound)

    aldehyde: Nomenclature of aldehydes: …IUPAC name is 2-propenal, is acrolein, a name derived from that of acrylic acid, the parent carboxylic acid.

  • 2-propenamide (chemical compound)

    Acrylamide, a white, odourless, crystalline substance belonging to the family of organic compounds; its molecular formula is C3H5NO. Acrylamide is produced as a result of industrial processes and is generated in certain foods as a result of cooking at high temperatures. Because acrylamide is

  • 2-tone (music)

    Two-Tone Movement: … engineering belt, the outcome was 2-Tone, a mostly white take on ska, the music brought to Britain by Jamaican immigrants in the mid-1960s and favoured by English mods of the period, whose two-tone Tonik suits gave the latter-day movement its name. In 1977 art student Jerry Dammers founded the Specials,…

  • 2-Tone (record label)

    Two-Tone Movement: In several regional British cities, the distinct late 1970s combination of economic turmoil, unemployment benefits (effectively an arts subsidy), and art school punks resulted in a generation of eccentric talent. In Coventry, the southernmost centre of Britain’s Midlands engineering belt, the outcome was 2-Tone, a…

  • 2.0 (film by Shankar [2018])

    Rajnikanth: …Enthiran (2010) and its sequel, 2.0 (2018); in the latter two movies he played both the robot Chitti Babu and its creator Dr. Vaseegaran. Rajnikanth’s acting style was characterized by unbridled exaggeration and pronounced mannerisms; his signature gesture—in which he deftly flipped a cigarette high in the air and caught…

  • 20 (number)

    number symbolism: 20: The number 20 has little mystical significance, but it is historically interesting because the Mayan number system used base 20. When counting time the Maya replaced 20 × 20 = 400 by 20 × 18 = 360 to approximate the number of days in…

  • 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (film by Fleischer [1954])

    20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, American dramatic film, released in 1954, that was the acclaimed adaptation of Jules Verne’s classic nautical adventure of the same name. Kirk Douglas, Peter Lorre, and Paul Lukas played the hapless trio of seamen who, while attempting to investigate a string of

  • 20,000 Years in Sing Sing (film by Curtiz [1933])

    Michael Curtiz: The breakthrough years: With 20,000 Years in Sing Sing, he infused the tired prison film genre with a new drive, making the most of Spencer Tracy as a doomed inmate and Davis as his loyal moll. Even more impressive was Mystery of the Wax Museum, a quasi-sequel to Doctor…

  • 20/20 (American television program)

    Television in the United States: The newsmagazines: ABC’s newsmagazine 20/20 was introduced in 1978. With production costs for traditional prime-time programming rising to nearly prohibitive heights at the same time that ratings were plummeting because of cable competition, network executives in the 1990s sought an inexpensive way to fill prime-time hours with popular programming.…

  • 20/20 Experience, The (album by Timberlake and Timbaland)

    Justin Timberlake: …he mounted a comeback with The 20/20 Experience, a pair of luxuriant song suites that were recorded in collaboration with Timbaland and released six months apart. Boasting both contemporary electronic production and nods toward old-fashioned R&B, The 20/20 Experience found Timberlake sounding relaxed and romantic, particularly on singles such as…

  • 200 Motels (film by Zappa and Palmer [1971])

    Frank Zappa: …lyrics from Zappa’s motion picture 200 Motels (1971), this was no mean achievement. Similarly, an annual festival celebrating Zappa thrived in the early 21st century in Bad Doberan, Germany (formerly in East Germany), where his music had once been banned.

  • 200-metre race (running race)

    Usain Bolt: …the time—won gold in the 200 metres, becoming the youngest-ever male world junior champion in any event. At age 16 Bolt cut the junior (age 19 and under) 200-metre world record to 20.13 sec, and at 17 he ran the event in 19.93 sec, becoming the first teenager to break…

  • 2000 AD (British comic)

    comic strip: Institutionalization: …market is exemplified in Britain’s 2000 ad, which flourished from 1978 to 1985 (and continues in the 21st century at a lower circulation level), was reprinted in the United States, and at its peak sold 120,000 copies per week. Its chief feature was Judge Dredd; written from a cynical perspective…

  • 2000 Olympic Games: The Heart of a Nation

    Cathy Freeman’s silver medal in the 400-metre run at the 1996 Games in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S., introduced this rising star from Australia to the Olympic world. Her international fame grew when she became the first Aboriginal woman to take a world athletics title, winning the 400 metres at the 1997

  • 2000 presidential election (United States government)

    United States presidential election of 2000, American presidential election held on Nov. 7, 2000, in which Republican George W. Bush narrowly lost the popular vote to Democrat Al Gore but defeated Gore in the electoral college. Gore, as Bill Clinton’s vice president for eight years, was the clear

  • 2000 Year Old Man, The (comedy routine by Brooks and Reiner)

    Mel Brooks: Early life and work: …to bring to life “The 2,000 Year Old Man,” a mostly improvised bit that the duo performed in television appearances and on best-selling comedy record albums. Brooks entered the motion picture industry as the writer and narrator of the Academy Award-winning animated short The Critic (1963), a devastating lampoon…

  • 2001 Mars Odyssey (United States spacecraft)

    2001 Mars Odyssey, U.S. spacecraft that studied Mars from orbit and served as a communication relay for the Mars Exploration Rovers and Phoenix. The 2001 Mars Odyssey was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on April 7, 2001, and was named after the science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey

  • 2001: A Space Odyssey (film by Kubrick [1968])

    2001: A Space Odyssey, American science-fiction film, released in 1968, that set the benchmark for all subsequent movies in the genre and consistently ranks among the top 10 movies ever made, especially known for its groundbreaking special effects and unconventional narrative. The complex and

  • 2002 Bali Bombings (terrorist attacks, Indonesia)

    2002 Bali Bombings, terrorist attack involving the detonation of three bombs on the Indonesian island of Bali on October 11, 2002, that killed 202 people. At 11:05 pm a suicide bomb exploded in Paddy’s Bar, a locale frequented by foreigners, especially Australian youth. The bar’s patrons, some of

  • 2003 Cricket World Cup, The

    Despite political controversy over games to be played in Zimbabwe and Kenya, the suspension of Australian bowler Shane Warne (one of Cricket’s leading stars) before a ball had been bowled, and the surprise elimination of host nation South Africa, the 2003 World Cup ended on a high note. After 54

  • 2003 EL61 (dwarf planet)

    Haumea, unusual dwarf planet orbiting the Sun in the Kuiper belt beyond Pluto. It was discovered in 2003 by a team of American astronomers at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory. Originally called 2003 EL61, Haumea is named for the Hawaiian goddess of birth and fertility. In September 2008 the

  • 2003 UB313 (astronomy)

    Eris, large, distant body of the solar system, revolving around the Sun well beyond the orbits of Neptune and Pluto in the Kuiper belt. It was discovered in 2005 in images taken two years earlier at Palomar Observatory in California, U.S. Before it received its official name, Eris was known by the

  • 2004 presidential election (United States government)

    United States presidential election of 2004, American presidential election held on Nov. 2, 2004, in which Republican George W. Bush was elected to a second term, defeating Democrat John Kerry, a U.S senator from Massachusetts. In the primary campaign, Bush faced little opposition for the

  • 2005 FY9 (dwarf planet)

    Makemake, dwarf planet orbiting the Sun beyond the orbit of Pluto. Originally called 2005 FY9, Makemake is named after the creator god of the Polynesian inhabitants of Easter Island; the name alludes to its discovery by astronomers at Palomar Observatory on March 31, 2005, a few days after Easter.

  • 2007 Cricket World Cup, The

    An ill-fated tournament from the start, the 2007 World Cup ended in farce and near darkness on April 28, with Australia beating Sri Lanka by 53 runs in a rain-affected final in Bridgetown, Barbados. Australia, expertly led by Ricky Ponting, deserved to win its third successive trophy, but after 51

  • 2008 presidential election (United States government)

    On November 4, 2008, after a campaign that lasted nearly two years, Americans elected Illinois senator Barack Obama their 44th president. The result was historic, as Obama, a first-term U.S. senator, became, when he was inaugurated on January 20, 2009, the country’s first African American

  • 2010

    Less than a month after becoming Australia’s first woman prime minister, Julia Gillard of the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP) called an election for August 21, eight months earlier than was constitutionally required, hoping to capitalize on a surge in support for the ALP following her rise

  • 2010 Haiti earthquake

    2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, 2010, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. An exact death toll proved elusive in the

  • 2010 TK7 (asteroid)

    asteroid: Trojan asteroids: The first Earth Trojan asteroid, 2010 TK7, which librates around L4, was discovered in 2010. The first Uranus Trojan, 2011 QF99, which librates around L4, was discovered in 2011. Although Trojans of Saturn have yet to be found, objects librating about Lagrangian points of the systems formed by Saturn and…

  • 2010: Odyssey Two (novel by Clarke)

    Arthur C. Clarke: …Space Odyssey during this time: 2010: Odyssey Two (1982, filmed 1984) and 2061: Odyssey Three (1988).

  • 2011 Cricket World Cup, The

    In early 2011 the 10th World Cup of Cricket was held in India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. Pakistan had been forced to withdraw as one of the host countries after terrorist attacks were launched there against the Sri Lankan team in 2009. India, a strong favourite under captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni,

  • 2011 EHEC Ausbruch in Deutschland

    German E. coli outbreak of 2011, bacterial disease outbreak that began in Germany in late April 2011 and that was caused by a previously rare strain of E. coli (Escherichia coli) known as O104:H4. The 2011 E. coli outbreak was the deadliest and the second largest on record—the largest was the Japan

  • 2012 Benghazi attacks (incident, Benghazi, Libya)

    2012 Benghazi attacks, assaults on a U.S. diplomatic compound and a nearby CIA annex in the city of Benghazi, Libya, on September 11–12, 2012, which resulted in the deaths of four Americans, including the U.S. ambassador to Libya—the first violent death of a U.S. ambassador since 1988. The incident

  • 2012 presidential election (United States government)

    American voters went to the polls on November 6, 2012, to determine—for the 57th time—their country’s president for the next four years. Incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama’s reelection bid was, from the outset, expected to be closely contested as the United States faced a number of

  • 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa

    Ebola outbreak of 2014–16, outbreak of Ebola virus disease that ravaged countries in western Africa in 2014–16 and was noted for its unprecedented magnitude. By January 2016, suspected and confirmed cases had totaled more than 28,600, and reported deaths numbered about 11,300, making the outbreak

  • 2014 MU69 (astronomy)

    New Horizons: …encounter another Kuiper belt object, 2014 MU69 (nicknamed “Ultima Thule”), on January 1, 2019.

  • 2016 presidential election (United States government)

    United States Presidential Election of 2016, American presidential election held on November 8, 2016, in which Republican Donald Trump lost the popular vote to Democrat Hillary Clinton by more than 2.8 million votes but won 30 states and the decisive electoral college with 304 electoral votes to

  • 2016 U.S. Presidential Election, The

    Following a tumultuous, abrasive campaign that defied established political norms, on Nov. 8, 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected the 45th president of the United States. Trump lost the national popular contest by more than 2.8 million votes to Democrat Hillary Clinton but won 30 states and

  • 2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings (Sri Lankan history)

    Sri Lanka: Country in crisis: growing debt, political wrangling, and terror attack: On April 21, 2019—Easter morning—eight explosions occurred in the vicinity of churches and hotels, leaving hundreds dead and hundreds more wounded. Another blast occurred near a church the next day, while other explosive devices were discovered and neutralized before being detonated. Authorities, who had been warned about the attack about…

  • 2020 presidential election (United States government)

    Michael Bennet: …Bennet announced his candidacy for president in 2020. He stated that one of his reasons for running was to “restore integrity to the government.” Shortly after entering the presidential race, Bennet published The Land of Flickering Lights: Restoring America in an Age of Broken Politics (2019).

  • 2046 (film by Wong Kar-Wai [2004])

    Wong Kar-Wai: In Wong’s next film, 2046 (2004), a sequel to In the Mood for Love, Chow tries to forget his love for Su by engaging in a string of short affairs. The title refers to both the science-fiction novel Chow is writing (some of which is depicted in the movie)…

  • 2060 Chiron (astronomy)

    Chiron, icy small body orbiting the Sun in the outer solar system among the giant planets. Once thought to be the most distant known asteroid, Chiron is now believed to have the composition of a comet nucleus—i.e., a mixture of water ice, other frozen gases, organic material, and silicate dust.

  • 20th Century Fox (American motion-picture studio)

    20th Century Fox, major American film studio formed in 1935 by the merger of Twentieth Century Pictures and the Fox Film Corporation. Since 2019 it has been a subsidiary of the Disney Company. Headquarters are in Los Angeles. William Fox was a New York City exhibitor who began distributing films in

  • 20th Century Fox Film Corporation (American motion-picture studio)

    20th Century Fox, major American film studio formed in 1935 by the merger of Twentieth Century Pictures and the Fox Film Corporation. Since 2019 it has been a subsidiary of the Disney Company. Headquarters are in Los Angeles. William Fox was a New York City exhibitor who began distributing films in

  • 20th-century international relations

    20th-century international relations, history of the relations between states, especially the great powers, from approximately 1900 to 2000. The history of the 20th century was shaped by the changing relations of the world’s great powers. The first half of the century, the age of the World Wars and

  • 21 (album by Adele)

    Adele: The result, 21 (2011), was a bolder and more stylistically diverse set of material, with singles ranging from the earthy gospel- and disco-inflected “Rolling in the Deep” to the affecting breakup ballad “Someone like You.” Both songs hit number one in multiple countries, and, despite a vocal-cord…

  • 21 Grams (film by González I?árritu [2003])

    Alejandro González I?árritu: For their next feature film, 21 Grams (2003), González I?árritu and Arriaga ventured into English-language cinema. As with Amores perros, the film told the story of seemingly isolated individuals whose lives are subtly intertwined. The two men next collaborated on Babel (2006), featuring an international cast headlined by Brad Pitt…

  • 21 Jump Street (film by Lord and Miller [2012])

    Brie Larson: …Rampart (2011) and the comedy 21 Jump Street (2012) before undertaking both her first starring role and her first adult role, as a supervisor in a group home for troubled teens, in Short Term 12 (2013). She acted with Mark Wahlberg in The Gambler (2014) and with Amy Schumer in…

  • 21 Jump Street (American television series)

    Television in the United States: Teen dramas and adult cartoons: …with such teen-oriented series as 21 Jump Street (1987–91), the story of youthful cops working undercover in Los Angeles high schools, which introduced Johnny Depp, and Beverly Hills 90210 (1990–2000), a prime-time soap opera set in the fictional West Beverly Hills High School. The latter inspired an entire new genre…

  • 21-centimetre radiation

    21-centimetre radiation, electromagnetic radiation of radio wavelength emitted by cold, neutral, interstellar hydrogen atoms. The hydrogen atom is composed of a positively charged particle, the proton, and a negatively charged particle, the electron. These particles have some intrinsic angular

  • 21-hydroxylase (enzyme)

    congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Types and clinical manifestation: …adrenal hyperplasia is deficiency of 21-hydroxylase, an enzyme that catalyzes the next-to-last step in the synthesis of cortisol. In infants with partial 21-hydroxylase deficiency, the production of cortisol is near normal, but there is excess production of adrenal androgens. Excess androgen produced to overcome this deficiency during fetal life results…

  • 212 Squadron (United States military unit)

    Pappy Boyington: …organized Squadron 214, called the Black Sheep Squadron, one of the most renowned fighting units of the war, operating mostly in the Solomon Islands. On his last mission, on January 3, 1944, he shot down three Japanese aircraft but was himself shot down in Rabaul harbour, New Britain, and was…

  • 21st Century Breakdown (album by Green Day)

    Green Day: …for best rock album for 21st Century Breakdown (2009), another ambitious song cycle. It was followed in 2012 by a trilogy—the separately released ?Uno!, ?Dos!, and ?Tré!—that found the band returning to the high-energy immediacy of its punk roots while also drawing inspiration from its classic-rock forebears. Green Day’s next…

  • 21st Century Fox (American company)

    Disney Company: Expansion: ABC, Pixar, and Marvel Entertainment: …most of the holdings of 21st Century Fox, including the film studio 20th Century Fox. The deal closed in 2019 and was valued at about $71 billion.

  • 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa (museum, Kanazawa, Japan)

    Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa: Another major commission was the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art in Kanazawa (1999–2004), a circular building with a glass facade. It was heralded for its panoramic views of the surrounding city and for its unconventional nonlinear floor plan, which encouraged visitors to create their own random paths through the…

  • 22 Floréal, Coup of (French history)

    Council of Five Hundred: In the Coup of 22 Floréal, the Directory successfully pressured leaders in the legislative body to expel 127 of the newly elected delegates. Following more Jacobin victories in the election of 1799, however, the members of the Council of Five Hundred refused to submit to a purge…

  • 22 Prairial Year II, Law of (French history)

    France: The Jacobin dictatorship: …the Convention passed the infamous law of 22 Prairial, year II (June 10, 1794), to streamline revolutionary justice, denying the accused any effective right to self-defense and eliminating all sentences other than acquittal or death. Indictments by the public prosecutor, now virtually tantamount to a death sentence, multiplied rapidly.

  • 22.7.11 attacks (Norway)

    Oslo and Ut?ya attacks of 2011, terrorist attacks on Oslo and the island of Ut?ya in Norway on July 22, 2011, in which 77 people were killed—the deadliest incident on Norwegian soil since World War II. At 3:26 pm an explosion rocked downtown Oslo, shattering windows and damaging buildings. The

  • 23andMe (American company)

    Anne Wojcicki: …of the personal genetics company 23andMe.

  • 24 (film by Kumar [2016])

    Girish Karnad: …Life Goes On (2009), and 24 (2016), among others.

  • 24 (American television series)

    24, American prime-time television action-suspense series that aired on the Fox Network in 2001–10 and 2014. It was syndicated globally. The show was one of Fox’s most successful programs in the 21st century, garnering dozens of Emmy Award nominations and winning the award for outstanding drama

  • 24 Bücher allgemeiner Geschichten (work by Müller)

    Johannes von Müller: ; The History of the World), is indebted to the historical outlook of the Enlightenment but points forward to Leopold von Ranke in its religious conception. In Fürstenbund (1787; “League of Princes”) and Reisen der P?pste (1782; “Travels of the Popes”), which are political journalism, Müller…

  • 24 Capricci (works by Paganini)

    Niccolò Paganini: …1807 he wrote the 24 Capricci for unaccompanied violin, displaying the novel features of his technique, and the two sets of six sonatas for violin and guitar. He reappeared in Italy as a violinist in 1805 and was appointed director of music at Piombino by Napoleon’s sister, élisa Bonaparte Baciocchi.…

  • 24 Hours of Le Mans (automobile race)

    24 Hours of Le Mans, probably the world’s best-known automobile race, run annually (with few exceptions) since 1923 at the Sarthe road-racing circuit, near Le Mans, France. Since 1928 the winner has been the car that travels the greatest distance in a 24-hour time period. The racing circuit is

  • 247 (airplane)

    aerospace engineering: Aeronautical engineering: …accepted until 1933, when the Boeing 247-D entered service. The twin-engine design of the latter established the foundation of modern air transport.

  • 24K Magic (album by Mars)

    Bruno Mars: …of his third studio album, 24K Magic (2016), which drew inspiration from 1990s R&B music. A commercial hit, it also won numerous Grammy Awards, most notably for best album, record, and song (“That’s What I Like”).

  • 25 (album by Adele)

    Adele: …in 2015 with the album 25. Although some critics felt it did not take enough risks, Adele’s voice was no less powerful, and her ability to sell records remained undiminished. The yearning single “Hello” became a hit in numerous countries, and more than 20 million copies of the album were…

  • 25 de Abril, Ponte (bridge, Lisbon, Portugal)

    Lisbon: City site: …of the city, by the 25th of April Bridge. Just east of the bridge, the Tagus suddenly broadens into a bay 7 miles (11 km) wide called the Mar de Palha (“Sea of Straw”) because of the way that it shimmers in the sun. Scenically spectacular, this hill-cradled bay of…

  • 25 September Plassen (work by Solstad)

    Dag Solstad: In 25 September Plassen (1974; “September 25th Square”) he showed the growing political awareness on the part of factory workers in the period following World War II. Svik. F?rkrigs?r (1977; “Betrayal: Prewar Years”) and Krig. 1940 (1978; “War: 1940”) were the first two in a series…

  • 25th Hour (film by Lee [2002])

    Spike Lee: …paean to the sport, and 25th Hour (2002), which focuses on the last day of freedom for a convicted drug dealer (played by Edward Norton). Inside Man (2006), starring Denzel Washington and Jodie Foster, centres on the negotiations between the police and the bank robbers engaged in a hostage situation,…

  • 25th of April Bridge (bridge, Lisbon, Portugal)

    Lisbon: City site: …of the city, by the 25th of April Bridge. Just east of the bridge, the Tagus suddenly broadens into a bay 7 miles (11 km) wide called the Mar de Palha (“Sea of Straw”) because of the way that it shimmers in the sun. Scenically spectacular, this hill-cradled bay of…

  • 2600: The Hacker Quarterly (American magazine)

    2600: The Hacker Quarterly, American magazine, founded in 1984 and sometimes called “the hacker’s bible,” that has served as both a technical journal, focusing on technological exploration and know-how, and a muckraking magazine, exposing government and corporate misdeeds. 2600: The Hacker

  • 2666 (novel by Bola?o)

    Roberto Bola?o: …publication of his magnum opus, 2666 (2004). That massive novel is divided into five loosely connected sections, which Bola?o considered publishing separately. The book’s most-acclaimed section, the fourth, details a series of gruesome murders of young women (loosely based on actual murders that took place in Juárez, Mexico, at the…

  • 26th of July Movement (Cuban history)

    26th of July Movement, revolutionary movement led by Fidel Castro that overthrew the regime of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba (1959). Its name commemorates an attack on the Santiago de Cuba army barracks on July 26, 1953. The movement began formally in 1955 when Castro went to Mexico to form a

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